Oct 25, 2016 the first republic was the republican government of nigeria between 1963 and 1966 governed by the first republican constitution founding 1963 although nigeria gained independence from britain on october 1st, 1960, the nation remained a commonwealth realm with elizabeth ii as titular head of state until the adoption of a new constitution in 1963 declaring the nation a republic. Promulgation of the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1999. The constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1963 pdf. A new constitution established a federal system with an elected prime minister and a ceremonial head of state.
The ncnc, now headed by azikiwe who had taken control after macaulays death in 1946, formed a coalition with balewas npc after neither party won a majority in the 1959 elections. Governmental and political history of nigeria the first republic. The first elections under the 1979 constitution were held on schedule in july and august 1979, and the fmg handed over power to a new civilian government under president shehu shagari on october 1, 1979. The nigerian press and the first republic springerlink. Tafawa balewa serving as the first and only prime minister of the country the government of the first republic did not last as it came to a halt via several coup attempts with the first. The beginning of democracy in nigeria can be traced to the early years of independent nigeria, particularly, the first republic. The first republic was the republican government of nigeria between 1963 and 1966.
Nnamdi azikiwe was the first major political figure to be investigated for questionable acts. The independent national electoral commission inec was established by the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of nigeria to among other things organize elections into various political offices in the country. Controversies surrounding the 2007 presidential election. Many of the first republic politicians were not corrupt since the majority of them came into politics with ideologies and principles. Obata, nigeria pdf consulted on 20050810 legislation online the house of representatives, national assembly, nigeria pdf of constitution.
The fall of nigerias first republic came about in 1963 as a result of a number of negative experiences. Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria first alteration act, 2010 act no. Political leadership and corruption in nigeria since 1960. Even though nigeria acquired republican status in 1963, the first republic in nigeria began on the 1 st of october, 1960 and came to an end on the 15 th of january, 1966. Nnamdi azikiwe became the first president of independent nigeria, with sir.
Tinuola ekanade, doctoral student, department of geography, university of ibadan, nigeria. Administration of the tax 1 the tax shall be administered and managed by the federal board of lnland revenue in this act referred to as the board. The period between this date and january 15, 1966, when the first military coup detat took place, is generally. Nnamdi azikiwe was president during the first republic. The nigeriabiafra war that raged between 1967 and 1970 made headlines around the world, above all for the major famine caused by the nigerian states federal military government, fmg blockade of the selfproclaimed separatist republic of biafra in the countrys east. Scenery between jos and abuja, nigeria proandrew moore flickr cc bysa 2.
Constitution of the federal republic of nigeria pdf download. Numerous and frequentlyupdated resource results are available from this search. Nigerias founding fathers, and the leading personlities of the first republic. Nnamdi azikiwe elected as the first president and commander of the armed forces of the federal republic of nigeria. This was the period of approximately five years between nigerias independence from britain on october 1, 1960 and a military coup, on january 15, 1966.
The first republic held between 1963 and 1966 and nigeria was governed by the constitution that was developed shortly before independence. Reliable information about the coronavirus covid19 is available from the world health organization current situation, international travel. Contested elections and political turbulence in the western region ended nigeria s first republic in 1966 with the overthrow of the government by majors of the nigerian army. Nigeria became recognized as a republic on the 1st of october, 1963, but this did not mark the beginning of nigerias political journey as a republican state. From the outset, nigerias ethnic and religious tensions were magnified by the disparities in economic and.
The supportive role of the secretary to the government of the federation, engr. Nigerias second republic was born amid great expectations. The country gained independence from the british government on 1 october 1960, and became a republic in 1963. Review our financial summary and hear first hand from those we serve how our client first approach has made all the difference. Nigeria officially the federal republic of nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and its federal capital territory, abuja. The extensive postmortems on the republic have implicated at least four institutional factors, namely, the unbalanced federal territorial structure, the subversive power of large regional units visavis the central government, the. Pdf nigerias tortuous transition after independence. However, the key feature of nigerias first republic was the perpetuation of a regionalist federal system which impacted greatly on resource allocation in that era. Democracy in nigeria problems and prospects information.
The structural framework of the first republic was defined by the 1960 and 1963 constitutions. Although, democracy may not be strange to an overwhelming percentage of nigerians. Oclcs webjunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus. Nigeria s second republic was born amid great expectations. The functions of inec as contained in section 15, part 1 of the third schedule of the 1999 constitution as amended and section. Use the search filter below to find bills by title and date. The federal capital territory, abuja, shall be as defined in part ii of the first scheduled to this constitution. The whole thing started from the year1999, when olusegun obasanjo was sworn in as the first democratically elected president of nigeria. The post independence economic and political experience of nigeria was a turbulent one. In october 1963 nigeria proclaimed itself the federal republic of nigeria, and former governor general nnamdi azikiwe became the countrys first president. Nigeria is located in west africa and shares land borders with the republic of benin in the west, chad and cameroon in the east, and niger in the north.
First nigerian republic get the latest, on your palm. Ekanade olumide, department of history and international relations, redeemers university, nigeria. Nigeria was granted independence on october 1, 1960. This paper examines the problems and challenges inherent in the politics of democratization and electoral process in nigeria in three segments.
May 29 th of every year is declared democracy day in nigeria, and it also a public holiday. The three main political parties during the first republic 196066 were seriously afflicted by ethnicity and were regionally based, with nigeria peoples congress npc, national council for nigeria and the cameroons ncnc and action group ag being more popular and. During the first republic, though corruption was prevalent, it was kept at manageable levels. Nigeria lies entirely within the tropics yet there are wide climactic variations. First republic and its subsidiaries offer private banking, business banking and private wealth management, including investment, trust and brokerage services. President of the federal republic of nigeria, muhammadu buhari, gcfr, for the leadership and support provided to develop this very important document called the national strategic framework nsf 2017 2021. Nigeria demographic and health survey 20 national population commission federal republic of nigeria abuja, nigeria icf international rockville, maryland, usa. Review our financial summary and hear firsthand from those we serve how our. Its coast in the south lies on the gulf of guinea in the atlantic ocean.
Journal of nigeria studies volume 1, number 2, fall 2012 political leadership and corruption in nigeria since 1960. The first section situates democratization and electoral process in nigeria in historical perspective by tracing the origin and growth of nigerian political parties from 1923 to 2012. Also notable in the 1963 constitution is the increase of senate membership from fourty four 44 to fifty six 56 members. There can be no doubting the contribution of nigerias deeply flawed federal structure to the failure of the first republic. He won the election under the umbrella of the national council of nigeria and. Pdf the fall of the first republic muktar usmanjanguza. The first republic was the republican government of nigeria between 1963 and 1966 governed by the first republican constitution founding 1963 although nigeria gained independence from britain on october 1st, 1960, the nation remained a commonwealth realm with elizabeth ii as titular head of state until the adoption of a new constitution in 1963 declaring the nation a republic.
These steps resulted to the first true independence of nigeria, making nigeria a republic, with dr. Nigeria became independent on october 1, 1960 the period between dis ddate is january 15, 1966, when the first military corp detat took place, is generally referred to as the first republic, although the country became a republic on october 1, 1963. Things began to go down the drain for the country during the military era. Nigeria rpp, november 20 5 executive summary nigeria is the most populous nation in africa around 170 million people, holding an enormous cultural and linguistic diversity, engaging in a rich social and political life, and sustaining a dynamic economy. Nigerias constitution of 1999 with amendments through 2011. Nigeria constitution of the federal republic of nigeria. Because of its distinctive colonial history and ethnic composition, nigeria developed a multiparty system within a federal union. The first republic in nigeria and its collapse 19601966. In an analysis of the african press as a catalyst for democracy, there is perhaps no better case study than of nigerias first republic. Nigerias first republic 196066, however, proved unviable. It comprises 36 states and the federal capital territory, where the capital, abujais located.
The period between this date and january 15, 1966, when the first military coup detat took place, is generally referred to as the first republic, although the country only became a republic on october 1, 1963. Until 1989 the capital was lagos, with a population of about 2,500,000, but the government recently moved the capital to abuja. Embassy of the federal republic of nigeria history. History of democracy in nigeria and when did nigeria. Bills national assembly federal republic of nigeria. He occupied the office from october 1 st 1963 till january 16, 1966. Nigeria under umaru musa yaradua and goodluck jonathan. Nigeria is the most populous country in west africa, and currently the seventh most populous in the world. It is within this framework that this chapter examines the interface of ethnicity and resource allocation in nigerias first republic. Nigeria current affairs 2020 questions and answers pdf. From the outset, nigeria s ethnic and religious tensions were magnified by the disparities in economic and educational development between the south and the north. First schedule to this constitution and six area councils as shown in part ii of that schedule.
Title chamber first reading second reading committee referred third reading. This is an essay which critically looks at nigerias first republic with the aim of breaking the national myth which presents it as a peaceful and stable period in nations political history. The first republic of nigeria started on the 1st of october, 1960 upon the attainment of independence and ended on the 15th of january, 1966 during the first military coup detat. The second nigerian republic was a brief formation of the nigerian state which succeeded the military governments formed after the overthrow of first republic. Founded 1963 although nigeria gained independence from the united kingdom on 1 october 1960, the nation retained the british monarch, elizabeth ii, as titular head of state until the adoption of a new constitution in 1963 declaring the nation a republic the name nigeria is derived from the word niger the name of the river that constitutes the most remarkable geographical feature of. In the first republic, the last governorgeneral of nigeria, dr. A transaction report by the bank showed that azikiwe had resigned as chairman and the current one was an appointee. Nigeria is a country of 923,768 square kilometres 356,669 sq mi, bound to the west by benin republic, to the north by the niger and chad republic, east by the republic of cameroon, and south by the gulf of guinea. Apr 15, 2020 brief history of democracy in nigeria.266 880 1197 403 1470 888 605 267 1095 117 482 1515 860 74 1427 887 962 334 222 437 1464 941 1497 232 28 103 513 751 285